Companion planting is a technique of planting certain plants beside each other for their complementary qualities, including their pest-repellent properties, their food-storing powers, or their nutrient-determining needs. In general, it is used to provide a habitat that supports and encourages the growth of one crop over another. Companion planting can be very beneficial if you understand how to do it properly. The first step in companion planting is to establish which plant will perform best. This may be accomplished by planting several different types of fruits and vegetables in separate beds or containers. It is also possible to use containers to grow various plants, in separate containers, and then transfer them to an adjacent bed or container. Plants should be selected that have similar needs. Some examples of plants that make good companions include tomatoes and carrots, which are both pests and eaters.
Colors and Sizes
It is important to choose plants with similar physical characteristics. This is because certain pests will destroy plants with similar colors and sizes. The same is true for diseases, which may affect plants of the same kind. Once plants have been chosen, they should be planted in groups of six to eight plants. You can place different types of plants together if you prefer. For example, you might try planting peppers and carrots in the same row. In general, the rows of these two plants should be three feet apart. This allows the plants to absorb the maximum amount of sunlight while being kept at a distance from each other. When planting tomato plants in rows, the spacing between plants should be at least a foot; and when planting peppers, they should be at least four feet apart. If you are planting several types of peppers, it is a good idea to start from the bottom and work your way up to the top of the plant; and the plants should be of equal width. After the plants have been planted, they need to be maintained properly. During the colder months, you should water the plants often but not more than once a week. And in hot, dry, sunny weather, the plants should receive no more than a half-inch of water a day. When the soil around the plants is dry, you should mulch the surface lightly with compost to prevent moisture loss.
Peat Moss & Wood Chips
When companion planting tomatoes, you should mulch the soil around the tomato plants with a thin layer of peat moss or wood chips. This will allow your plants to grow healthy. The mulching layer should be cut back to the size of the leaves of the plants so that the roots will not be disturbed. Tomatoes and other vegetables can make good companions for all kinds of gardeners, whether you are growing them indoors or out. As long as the plants you plant are planting need to be able to tolerate extreme weather conditions, they are fine companions for your garden. It is important to make sure that you plant your plants in the right location, too. Most people plant tomatoes in the ground, without even thinking about where their tomatoes would grow best. But what many gardeners don't know is that this can lead to problems down the line. For example, tomatoes do not do well growing close to buildings, fences, or shrubs. To make any kind of wine, grapevines in any sort of vineyard need space. Because of their thick foliage, they can hide behind these obstacles, resulting in poor harvests.
The Importance of Drainage
Also, you want to ensure that the garden has a good drainage system. The soil in your garden should be relatively level, with the roots of the plants working their way down into the dirt. You also want to make sure that the plants you plant are close to each other, so that the nutrients and water that the plants receive flow to the roots. In the case of tomatoes, you want them to grow together because they are very low maintenance and require little attention except for reporting in the fall. If you plant tomatoes close to one another, the roots can get clogged with roots of neighboring plants, which can result in slow growth. Finally, keep in mind that plants can have a detrimental effect on each other. So you want to make sure that your garden is well-maintained and has healthy plants, like tomatoes.