A perennial or semi-evergreen plant is a plant that typically lives for two or three years. The word 'perpetual' is commonly used to differentiate an evergreen plant from shorter-lived annuals and short-lived biennials. This type of plant may have roots that become established every year in the same area or they may have roots that can spread across the landscape and reach areas where annuals are not planted. Perennial plants have leaves and stems that develop in the same areas year after year. Some of these plants have underground roots that remain dormant and are only brought forth to flower when conditions are right. Some of the perennial plants are hardy and will survive many seasons. Some of these plants are extremely drought tolerant and have low maintenance requirements. There are several varieties of perennial plants. Some of the most popular perennial plants include cattails, ferns, hibiscus, and tulips. Perennial plants provide great versatility in your garden. They can be placed throughout a yard to create a focal point or used as borders in the garden. There are many styles of perennials, including containers, ground covers, bonsai, container shrub, annuals, and even dwarf varieties that are great for people who have limited space in their garden.
Border Designs with Perennial Plants
Perennial plants are often used in border designs throughout a garden. Perennial plants are not limited to the garden alone. Many people plant perennials in containers and borders around their homes in order to create a focal point in the garden while providing protection from harsh weather. Growing perennials requires a certain amount of attention and patience. The growth process of most plants is slow and requires about one inch of growth for each year of growth. It is important to prune your plants on a regular basis to ensure the health of the plant. This will also help to reduce the risk of disease. If you do decide to grow these plants in containers, it is best to start out with some basics care and then add more maintenance as your garden grows. If you use mulch in the early spring, you may want to begin the pruning by removing the lowest leaf first to prevent weeds from forming around the base. Another good idea for beginners is to plant your garden in small groups of one or two perennials rather than all at once. You should plan and plant your garden so that a certain type of plant grows in different areas of the garden rather than all at the same time. It is also important to keep your garden watered during the winter months as watering your perennials can be a problem.
Perennials are Easier to Care For
Perennial plants often require less care than annual plants. Most of them are easy to grow, require very little attention, and require very little maintenance once established. Many of the perennials that you purchase at a garden center or nursery can be moved about in the garden. Some of the annuals are only meant to grow in the landscape, such as the California Poinsettia. Other perennials, such as the azaleas, are better suited to being planted in the ground. Some of the annuals, such as the California Holly, will not bud until the soil is dry while other perennials like the California Red Rose, are best planted in the ground when the soil is moist. Care for your perennials is easy, provided you do not over prune. Pruning your plant will ensure that the plant grows healthy and will also help to keep the plant looking its best. After the plant has grown for one year, prune the plant again every three years to keep it healthy and keep the shape and foliage in place.